Public Notice

Font Size:
Default font size
Larger font size

Posted: Wednesday, December 5, 2018 9:07 am






This Franchise Agreement (“Franchise”) is between the City of Buffalo, Wyoming, hereinafter referred to as the “Grantor” and Bresnan Communications, LLC, locally known as CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, hereinafter referred to as the “Grantee.”

WHEREAS, the Grantor finds that the Grantee has substantially complied with the material terms of the current Franchise under applicable laws, and that the financial, legal and technical ability of the Grantee is sufficient to provide services, facilities and equipment necessary to meet the future cable-related needs of the community; and

WHEREAS, having afforded the public adequate notice and opportunity for comment, Grantor desires to enter into this Franchise with the Grantee for the construction and operation of a cable system on the terms set forth herein; and 

WHEREAS, the Grantor and Grantee have complied with all federal and State-mandated procedural and substantive requirements pertinent to this franchise renewal;


Section 1

Definition of Terms

1.1 Terms.  For the purpose of this franchise the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meaning ascribed to them in the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984, as amended from time to time (the “Cable Act”), unless otherwise defined herein.  When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words in the plural number include the singular number, and words in the singular number include the plural number.  The word “shall” is mandatory and “may” is permissive.  Words not defined shall be given their common and ordinary meaning.

“Cable System,” “Cable Service,” and “Basic Cable Service” shall be defined as set forth in the Cable Act.

“Council” shall mean the governing body of the Grantor.

“Cable Act” shall mean the Cable Communication Policy Act of 1984, as amended, 47 U.S.C. §§ 521, et. seq.

“Channel” shall mean a portion of the electromagnetic frequency spectrum which is used in a cable system and which is capable of delivering a television channel.

“Equipment” shall mean any poles, wires, cable, antennae, underground conduits, manholes, and other conductors, fixtures, equipment and other facilities used for the maintenance and operation of physical facilities located in the Streets, including the Cable System.

“FCC” shall mean the Federal Communications Commission and any successor governmental entity thereto.

“Franchise” shall mean the non-exclusive rights granted pursuant to this Franchise to construct operate and maintain a Cable System along the public ways within all or a specified area in the Franchise Area.

“Franchise Area” shall mean the geographic boundaries of the Grantor, and shall include any additions thereto by annexation or other legal means.

“Gross Revenue” means all revenue, as determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, derived by the Grantee and its affiliates, from the operation of the Cable System to provide Cable Services in the Service Area, provided, however, that such phrase shall not include: (1) any taxes, fees or assessments imposed directly upon Subscribers and collected by the Grantee or pass-through to a government agency, including, without limitation, any sales or utility taxes; (2) unrecovered bad debts; (3) credits, refunds and deposits paid to Subscribers; (4) any exclusions available under applicable state law.

“Service Area” shall mean the area described in subsection 6.1 hereto.

“Standard Installation” shall mean installations to residences and buildings that are located up to 125 feet from the point of connection to Grantee’s existing distribution system.

“State” shall mean the State of Wyoming.

“Street” shall include each of the following located within the Franchise Area:  public streets, roadways, highways, bridges, land paths, boulevards, avenues, lanes, alleys, sidewalks, circles, drives, easements, rights of way and similar public ways and extensions and additions thereto, including but not limited to public utility easements, dedicated utility strips, or rights-of-way dedicated for compatible uses now or hereafter held by the Grantor in the Franchise Area, which shall entitle the Grantee to the use thereof for the purpose of installing, operating, extending, repairing and maintaining the Cable System.

“Subscriber” shall mean any Person lawfully receiving Cable Service from the Grantee.

Section 2

Grant of Franchise

2.1 Grant.  The Grantor hereby grants to the Grantee a nonexclusive Franchise which authorizes the Grantee to erect, construct, extend, operate and maintain in, upon, along, across, above, over and under the Streets, now in existence and as may be created or established during its terms, all Equipment, including the Cable System.  Nothing in this Franchise shall be construed to prohibit the Grantee from offering any service over its Cable System that is not prohibited by federal or State law. 

2.2 Term.  The Franchise and the rights, privileges and authority hereby granted shall be for an initial term of eight (8) years, commencing on the Effective Date of this Franchise as set forth in Section 15.12.  The parties will proceed under the federal Cable Act renewal procedures.

2.3 Police Powers.  The Grantee agrees to comply with the terms of any generally applicable local ordinance necessary to the safety, health, and welfare of the public which is lawfully adopted pursuant to the Grantor’s general police power.  This Franchise is a contract and except as to those changes which are the result of the Grantor’s lawful exercise of its general police power, the Grantor may not take any unilateral action which materially changes the explicit mutual promises in this contract.  Any changes to this Franchise must be made in writing signed by the Grantee and the Grantor.  In the event of any conflict between this Franchise and any Grantor ordinance or regulation that has the effect of limiting the benefits or expanding the obligations of the Grantee that are granted by this Franchise, this Franchise will prevail, except as to those ordinances and regulations which are the result of the Grantor’s lawful exercise of its general police power.” 

2.4 Cable System Franchise Required.  No Cable System shall be allowed to occupy or use the streets or public rights-of-way of the Franchise Area or be allowed to operate without a Cable System Franchise.

Section 3

Franchise Renewal

3.1 Procedures for Renewal.  The Grantor and the Grantee agree that any proceedings undertaken by the Grantor that relate to the renewal of the Grantee’s Franchise shall be governed by and comply with the provisions of Section 626 of the Cable Act, or any such successor statute.

Section 4

Indemnification and Insurance

4.1Indemnification.   The Grantee shall, by acceptance of the Franchise granted herein, defend the Grantor, its Council, officers, boards, commissions, agents, and employees for all claims for injury or death to any Person or property caused by the negligence of Grantee in the construction or operation of the Cable System and shall indemnify and hold Grantor, its

Council, officers, boards, commissions, agents, and employees harmless from any and all liabilities, claims, demands, or judgments growing out of any injury or death to any Person or property as a result of the negligence of Grantee arising out of the construction, repair, extension, maintenance, operation or removal of its wires, poles or other equipment of any kind or character used in connection with the operation of the Cable System. Grantor agrees to give the Grantee written notice of its obligation to indemnify Grantor at least ten (10) calendar days prior to the deadline for responding to the claim or action, and if no such deadline exists, within thirty (30) days of Grantor's receipt of the claim or action. In the event any such claim arises, the Grantor shall tender the defense thereof to the Grantee and the Grantee shall have the right to defend, settle or compromise any claims arising hereunder, and shall pay for such defense (including, but not limited to, all costs, expenses and attorney fees incurred by Grantee for assuming the defense of the Grantor), and the Grantor shall cooperate fully herein. If the Grantor determines in good faith that its interests cannot be represented by the Grantee, the Grantee may be excused from any obligation to represent the Grantor at the Grantor's sole discretion. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Grantee shall not be obligated to indemnify the Grantor for any damages, liability or claims resulting from the willful misconduct of the Grantor or for the Grantor's use of the Cable System, including any PEG channels. Grantee's compliance with these indemnity provisions shall in no way limit any other remedies available to the City under this Franchise or at law or equity.


4.2Wyoming Governmental Claims Act.  The City does not waive any right or rights it may have pursuant to the Wyoming Governmental Claims Act, Wyoming Statutes Section 1-39-101 et seq., and the City specifically reserves the right to assert any and all rights, immunities, and defenses it may have pursuant to the Wyoming Governmental Claims Act.  


The Grantee shall maintain throughout the term of the Franchise insurance in amounts at least as follows:

Workers’ CompensationStatutory Limits

Commercial General Liability

$1,000,000 per occurrence for damage to any single property,


General Aggregate for property damage aggregate per single accident or occurrence

Auto Liability including coverage on all owned, non-owned hired autos 

$1,000,000 per occurrence Combined Single Limit

Umbrella Liability 

$2,000,000 per occurrence


The Grantor shall be added as an additional insured, arising out of work performed by Charter, to the above Commercial General Liability, Auto Liability and Umbrella Liability insurance coverage.

The Grantee shall furnish the Grantor with current certificates of insurance evidencing such coverage upon request.

Section 5

Service Obligations

5.1 No Discrimination.  Grantee shall not deny service, deny access, or otherwise discriminate against Subscribers, Channel users, or general citizens on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, age, sex, or because of the income of the residents of the local area in which such group resides.

5.2 Privacy.  The Grantee shall fully comply with the privacy rights of Subscribers as contained in Cable Act Section 631 (47 U.S.C. § 551).

Section 6

Service Availability

6.1Service Area.  The Grantee shall make Cable Service distributed over the Cable System available to every residence within the Franchise Area where there is a minimum density of at least thirty-five (35) residences per linear strand mile of aerial cable (excluding any home subscribing to any satellite service) as measured from Grantee’s closest technologically feasible tie-in point that is actively delivering Cable Service as of the date of such request for service (the “Service Area”).  The Cable Service will be provided at Grantee’s published rate for standard installations if such residence is a Standard Installation.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Grantee shall have the right, but not the obligation, to extend the Cable System into any portion of the Franchise Area where another operator is providing Cable Service or into any annexed area which is not contiguous to the Service Area.  Grantee shall not be obligated to provide service to any area where it is financially or technically infeasible to do so.  Grantee at its discretion may make Cable Service available to businesses within the Service Area.  

6.2 New Development Underground.  In cases of new construction or property development where utilities are to be placed underground, the Grantor agrees to require as a condition of issuing a permit for open trenching to any developer or property owner that such developer or property owner give Grantee at least thirty (30) days prior written notice of such construction or development, and of the particular dates on which open trenching will be available for Grantee’s installation of conduit, pedestals and/or vaults, and laterals to be provided at Grantee’s expense.  Grantee shall also provide specifications as needed for trenching. Costs of trenching and easements required to bring service to the development shall be borne by the developer or property owner; except that if Grantee fails to install its conduit, pedestals and/or vaults, and laterals within fifteen (15) working days of the date the trenches are available, as designated in the written notice given by the developer or property owner, then should the trenches be closed after the fifteen day period, the cost of new trenching is to be borne by Grantee.

6.3 Annexation.  The Grantor shall promptly provide written notice to the Grantee of its annexation of any territory which is being provided Cable Service by the Grantee or its affiliates.  Such annexed area will be subject to the provisions of this Franchise upon sixty (60) days’ written notice from the Grantor, subject to the conditions set forth below and Section 6.1 above.  The Grantor shall also notify Grantee in writing of all new street address assignments or changes within the Franchise Area.  Grantee shall within ninety (90) days after receipt of the annexation notice, pay the Grantor franchise fees on revenue received from the operation of the Cable System to provide Cable Services in any area annexed by the Grantor if the Grantor has provided a written annexation notice that includes the addresses that will be moved into the Franchise Area in an Excel format or in a format that will allow Grantee to change its billing system.  If the annexation notice does not include the addresses that will be moved into the Franchise Area, Grantee shall pay franchise fees within ninety (90) days after it receives the annexed addresses as set forth above.  All notices due under this section shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested to the addresses set forth in Section 15.7 with a copy to the Director of Government Affairs.  In any audit of franchise fees due under this Franchise, Grantee shall not be liable for franchise fees on annexed areas unless and until Grantee has received notification and information that meets the standards set forth in this section.

Section 7

Construction and Technical Standards

7.1 Compliance with Codes.  All construction practices and installation of equipment shall be done in accordance with all applicable sections of the National Electric Safety Code.

7.2 Construction Standards and Requirements.  All of the Grantee’s Equipment shall be installed, located, erected, constructed, reconstructed, replaced, removed, repaired, maintained and operated in accordance with good engineering practices and performed by experienced maintenance and construction personnel.

7.3 Subcontractors.  Grantee shall ensure that all contractors or subcontractors shall be properly licensed, and that the work of contractors and subcontractors is performed consistent with the Franchise and applicable law.

7.4 Safety.  The Grantee shall at all times employ ordinary care and shall use commonly accepted methods and devices preventing failures and accidents which are likely to cause damage.

7.5 Network Technical Requirements.  The Cable System shall be designed, constructed and operated so as to meet those technical standards adopted by the FCC relating to Cable Systems contained in part 76 of the FCC’s rules and regulations as may be amended from time to time.

Section 8

Conditions on Street Occupancy

8.1 General Conditions.  Grantee shall have the right to utilize existing poles, conduits and other facilities whenever possible, and shall not construct or install any new, different, or additional poles, conduits, or other facilities on public property provided Grantee is able to access existing poles, conduits, or other facilities on reasonable terms and conditions.

8.2 Underground Construction.  The facilities of the Grantee shall be installed underground in those Service Areas where existing telephone and electric services are both underground at the time of system construction. In areas where either telephone or electric utility facilities are installed aerially at the time of system construction, the Grantee may install its facilities aerially with the understanding that at such time as the existing aerial facilities are required to be placed underground by the Grantor, the Grantee shall likewise place its facilities underground.    In the event Grantor or any agency thereof directly or indirectly reimburses any utility for the placement of cable underground or the movement of cable, Grantee shall be similarly reimbursed.

8.3 Construction Codes and Permits.  Grantee shall obtain all legally required permits before commencing any construction work, including the opening or disturbance of any Street within the Franchise Area, provided that such permit requirements are of general applicability and such permitting requirements are uniformly and consistently applied by the Grantor as to other public utility companies and other entities operating in the Franchise Area.  The Grantor shall cooperate with the Grantee in granting any permits required, providing such grant and subsequent construction by the Grantee shall not unduly interfere with the use of such Streets.  Notwithstanding the above, the Grantee may set off any administrative permit fees or other fees required by the Grantor related to the Grantee’s use of Grantor rights-of-way against the franchise fee payments required under Section 10.1 of this Franchise.

8.4 System Construction.  All transmission lines, equipment and structures shall be so installed and located as to cause minimum interference with the rights and reasonable convenience of property owners and at all times shall be kept and maintained in a safe, adequate and substantial condition, and in good order and repair.  The Grantee shall, at all times, employ ordinary care and use commonly accepted methods and devices for preventing failures and accidents which are likely to cause damage, injuries, or nuisances to the public.  Suitable barricades, flags, lights, flares or other devices shall be used at such times and places as are reasonably required for the safety of all members of the public.  Any poles or other fixtures placed in any public way by the Grantee shall be placed in such a manner as not to interfere with the usual travel on such public way.

8.5 Restoration of Public Ways.   Grantee shall, at its own expense, restore any damage or disturbance caused to the public way as a result of its operation, protect or support public property construction, installation, maintenance, or operation of the Cable System to a condition reasonably comparable to the condition of the Streets immediately prior to such damage or disturbance.

8.6 Damage Notification.  Upon written request, Grantee shall provide Grantor with a written description of its process for resolving issues in the event that private property is damaged as a result of Grantee’s construction, installation, maintenance, or operation of the Cable System. 

8.7 Tree Trimming.  Grantee or its designee shall have the authority to trim trees and other vegetation on public property at its own expense as may be necessary to protect its wires and facilities.

8.8 Relocation for the Grantor.  The Grantee shall, upon receipt of reasonable advance written notice, to be not less than ten (10) business days, protect, support, temporarily disconnect, relocate, or remove any property of Grantee when lawfully required by the Grantor pursuant to its police powers.  Grantee shall be responsible for any costs associated with these obligations to the same extent all other users of the Grantor rights-of-way are responsible for the costs related to the relocation of their facilities.

8.9 Relocation for a Third Party.  The Grantee shall, on the request of any Person holding a lawful permit issued by the Grantor, protect, support, raise, lower, temporarily disconnect, relocate in or remove from the Street as necessary any property of the Grantee, provided that the expense of such is paid by any such Person benefiting from the relocation and the Grantee is given reasonable advance written notice to prepare for such changes.  The Grantee may require such payment in advance.  For purposes of this subsection, “reasonable advance written notice” shall be no less than ten (10) business days in the event of a temporary relocation and no less than one hundred twenty (120) days for a permanent relocation.

8.10 Reimbursement of Costs.  If funds are available to any Person using the Streets for the purpose of defraying the cost of any of the foregoing, the Grantor shall reimburse the Grantee in the same manner in which other Persons affected by the requirement are reimbursed.  If the funds are controlled by another governmental entity, the Grantor shall make application for such funds on behalf of the Grantee.

8.11 Emergency Use.  Grantee shall comply with 47 U.S.C. 544(g) and all regulations issued pursuant thereto with respect to an Emergency Alert System (“EAS”).  

8.12Parental Control.  Grantee shall provide Subscribers with the capability to control the receipt of any video and/or audio Channel on the Cable System pursuant to Section 641 of the Cable Act.

Section 9

Service and Rates

9.1 Phone Service.  The Grantee shall maintain a toll-free telephone number and a phone service operated to receive complaints and requests for repairs or adjustments at any time.

9.2 Notification of Service Procedures.  The Grantee shall furnish each Subscriber at the time service is installed, written instructions that clearly set forth information concerning the procedures for making inquiries or complaints, including the Grantee’s name, address and local telephone number.   Grantee shall give the Grantor notice of any changes in rates, programming services or Channel positions in accordance with applicable law.

9.3 Rate Regulation.  Grantor shall have the right to exercise rate regulation to the extent authorized by law, or to refrain from exercising such regulation for any period of time, at the sole discretion of the Grantor.  If and when exercising rate regulation, the Grantor shall abide by the terms and conditions set forth by the FCC.  Nothing herein shall be construed to limit the Grantee’s ability to offer or provide bulk rate discounts or promotions.

9.4 Continuity of Service.  It shall be the right of all Subscribers to continue receiving Cable Service insofar as their financial and other obligations to the Grantee are honored, and subject to Grantee’s rights under Section 15.2 of this Franchise.

9.5 Customer Service.  Grantee shall comply with the consumer protection and customer service standards set forth in 47 CFR 76.309, as amended.

Section 10

Franchise Fee

10.1 Amount of Fee.  Grantee shall pay to the Grantor an annual franchise fee in an amount equal to five percent (5%) of the annual Gross Revenue.  Franchise fees may be passed through to Subscribers as a line item on Subscriber bills or otherwise as Grantee chooses, consistent with federal law.  The amount of franchise fee and the method of calculation shall be equal when compared to the amount or method of calculation of the franchise fee in any other cable franchise or authorization to provide video service granted by Grantor.  In the event any other cable franchise or authorization to provide video service provides for a lesser franchise fee than this Franchise, Grantee’s obligation to pay a franchise fee under this Section 10.1 shall be reduced by an equivalent amount.

10.2 Payment of Fee.  Payment of the fee due the Grantor shall be made on a quarterly basis, within forty-five (45) days of the close of each calendar quarter and transmitted by electronic funds transfer to a bank account designated by Grantor.  The payment period and the collection of the franchise fees that are to be paid to the Grantor pursuant to the Franchise shall commence sixty (60) days after the Effective Date of the Franchise as set forth in Section 15.12.  In the event of a dispute, the Grantor, if it so requests, shall be furnished a statement of said payment, reflecting the Gross Revenues and the applicable charges.

10.3 Accord and Satisfaction.  No acceptance of any payment by the Grantor shall be construed as a release or as an accord and satisfaction of any claim the Grantor may have for additional sums payable as a franchise fee under this Franchise.

10.4 Limitation on Recovery.  The period of limitation for recovery of any franchise fee payable hereunder shall be six (6) years from the date on which payment by the Grantee was due. 

Section 11

Transfer of Franchise

11.1 Franchise Transfer.  The Franchise granted hereunder shall not be assigned, other than by operation of law or to an entity controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the Grantee, without the prior consent of the Grantor, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed.  No such consent shall be required, however, for a transfer in trust, by mortgage, by other hypothecation, or by assignment of any rights, title, or interest of the Grantee in the Franchise or Cable System to secure indebtedness.  Within thirty (30) days of receiving a request for transfer, the Grantor shall notify the Grantee in writing of any additional information it reasonably requires to determine the legal, financial and technical qualifications of the transferee.  If the Grantor has not taken action on the Grantee’s request for transfer within one hundred twenty (120) days after receiving such request, consent by the Grantor shall be deemed given.

Section 12


12.1 Inspection of Records.  Grantee shall permit any duly authorized representative of the Grantor, upon receipt of advance written notice, to examine during normal business hours and on a non-disruptive basis any and all of Grantee’s records maintained by Grantee as is reasonably necessary to ensure Grantee’s compliance with the material terms of this Franchise.  Such notice shall specifically reference the subsection of the Franchise that is under review so that the Grantee may organize the necessary books and records for easy access by the Grantor.  The Grantee shall not be required to maintain any books and records for Franchise compliance purposes longer than three (3) years.  The Grantee shall not be required to provide Subscriber information in violation of Section 631 of the Cable Act.  The Grantor agrees to treat as confidential any books, records or maps that constitute proprietary or confidential information to the extent Grantee makes the Grantor aware of such confidentiality.  If the Grantor believes it must release any such confidential books, records, or maps in the course of enforcing this Franchise, or for any other reason, it shall advise Grantee in advance so that Grantee may take appropriate steps to protect its interests.  Until otherwise ordered by a court or agency of competent jurisdiction, the Grantor agrees that, to the extent permitted by State and federal law, it shall deny access to any of Grantee’s books, records, or maps marked confidential, as set forth above, to any Person.

Section 13

Public Education and Government (PEG) Access

13.1 PEG Access.  Grantee shall provide capacity for one (1) Channel on the Cable System for use by the Grantor for non-commercial, video programming for public, education and government (“PEG”) access programming.  The PEG Channel may be placed on any tier of service available to Subscribers.  Consistent with applicable law and regulations, Grantee shall continue to maintain two (2) existing PEG Access links between its video channel aggregation point and the PEG Access origination sites at Buffalo City Hall, 46 North Main Street, Buffalo, Wyoming, and Buffalo High School, 29891 Old Highway 87, Buffalo, Wyoming, in order to permit the signals to be routed from said PEG Access origination sites to the appropriate PEG Access Channels for distribution to Subscribers.

13.2 Capital Support for PEG Access Channel.  Subject to applicable law, Grantee shall provide a PEG capital grant in the amount of three thousand dollars ($3,000.00), payable to the Grantor within ninety (90) days of the Effective Date. Grantor and Grantee acknowledge that pursuant to Federal Law [47 U.S.C. §§ 542(g)(2)(C)] PEG funds are only to be used for PEG capital equipment costs and not for operational costs. The Grantee shall be entitled to recover such capital costs from subscribers as allowed by federal law. 

13.3PEG Competitive Neutrality.  If any new or renewed franchise agreement contains obligations that are lesser in amount than the obligations imposed in this Section 13, Grantee’s aggregate obligations under Section 13 shall be reduced to an equivalent amount. To the extent such a reduction is not sufficient to make the total obligations of this Franchise equivalent to the new or renewed franchise, Grantee may deduct from future franchise fee payments an amount sufficient to make the obligations of this Franchise equivalent to the new or renewed franchise.

Section 14

Enforcement or Revocation

14.1 Notice of Violation.  If the Grantor believes that the Grantee has not complied with the terms of the Franchise, the Grantor shall first informally discuss the matter with Grantee.  If these discussions do not lead to resolution of the problem, the Grantor shall notify the Grantee in writing of the exact nature of the alleged noncompliance (the “Violation Notice”).

14.2 Grantee’s Right to Cure or Respond.  The Grantee shall have thirty (30) days from receipt of the Violation Notice to (i) respond to the Grantor, contesting the assertion of noncompliance, or (ii) to cure such default, or (iii) if, by the nature of default, such default cannot be cured within the thirty (30) day period, initiate reasonable steps to remedy such default and notify the Grantor of the steps being taken and the projected date that they will be completed.

14.3 No Waiver.  The failure of the Grantor or the Grantee on one or more occasions to exercise a right under this Franchise, the Cable Act or other applicable state or federal law, or to require compliance or performance under this Franchise, shall not be deemed to constitute a waiver of such right or a waiver of compliance or performance of this Agreement.

14.4 Public Hearing.  If the Grantee fails to respond to the Violation Notice received from the Grantor, or if the default is not remedied within the cure period set forth above, the Council shall schedule a public hearing if it intends to continue its investigation into the default.  The Grantor shall provide the Grantee at least twenty (20) days prior written notice of such hearing, which specifies the time, place and purpose of such hearing, notice of which shall be published by the Clerk of the Grantor in a newspaper of general circulation within the Grantor in accordance with subsection 15.8 hereof.  At the hearing, the Council shall give the Grantee an opportunity to state its position on the matter, present evidence and question witnesses, after which it shall determine whether or not the Franchise shall be revoked.  The public hearing shall be on the record and a written transcript shall be made available to the Grantee, at Grantee’s expense, within ten (10) business days.  The decision of the Council shall be made in writing and shall be delivered to the Grantee.  The Grantee may appeal such determination to an appropriate court, which shall have the power to review the decision of the Council de novo.  The Grantee may continue to operate the Cable System until all legal appeals procedures have been exhausted.  

14.5 Enforcement.  Subject to applicable federal and State law, in the event the Grantor, after the hearing set forth in subsection 14.4 above, determines that the Grantee is in default of any provision of the Franchise, the Grantor may:

Seek specific performance of any provision, which reasonably lends itself to such remedy, as an alternative to damages; or

Commence an action at law for monetary damages or seek other equitable relief; or

In the case of a substantial default of a material provision of the Franchise, seek to revoke the Franchise itself in accordance with subsection 14.6 below.

14.6 Revocation.

Prior to revocation or termination of the Franchise, the Grantor shall give written notice to the Grantee of its intent to revoke the Franchise on the basis of a pattern of noncompliance by the Grantee, including one or more instances of substantial noncompliance with a material provision of the Franchise.  The notice shall set forth the exact nature of the noncompliance.  The Grantee shall have sixty (60) days from such notice to either object in writing and to state its reasons for such objection and provide any explanation or to cure the alleged noncompliance.  If the Grantor has not received a satisfactory response from Grantee, it may then seek to revoke the Franchise at a public hearing.  The Grantee shall be given at least thirty (30) days prior written notice of such public hearing, specifying the time and place of such hearing and stating its intent to revoke the Franchise.  The public hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of Section 14.4 above.

Notwithstanding the above provisions, the Grantee reserves all of its rights under federal law or regulation.

Upon revocation of the Franchise, Grantee may remove the Cable System from the Streets of the Grantor, or abandon the Cable System in place.

Section 15

Miscellaneous Provisions

15.1 Compliance with Laws.  Grantor and Grantee shall conform to all applicable state and federal laws and rules regarding cable television as they become effective. Grantee shall also conform with all generally applicable Grantor ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations heretofore or hereafter adopted or established during the entire term of the Franchise.  In the event of a conflict between Grantor ordinances, resolutions, rules or regulations and the provisions of this Franchise, the provisions of this Franchise shall govern.

15.2 Force Majeure.  The Grantee shall not be held in default under, or in noncompliance with the provisions of the Franchise, nor suffer any enforcement or penalty relating to noncompliance or default, where such noncompliance or alleged defaults occurred or were caused by circumstances reasonably beyond the ability of the Grantee to anticipate and control.  This provision includes, but is not limited to, severe or unusual weather conditions, fire, flood, or other acts of God, strikes, work delays caused by failure of utility providers to service, maintain or monitor their utility poles to which Grantee’s Cable System is attached, as well as unavailability of materials and/or qualified labor to perform the work necessary.

15.3 Minor Violations.  Furthermore, the parties hereby agree that it is not the Grantor’s intention to subject the Grantee to forfeitures or revocation of the Franchise for violations of the Franchise where the violation was a good faith error that resulted in no or minimal negative impact on the Subscribers within the Franchise Area, or where strict performance would result in practical difficulties or hardship to the Grantee which outweighs the benefit to be derived by the Grantor and/or Subscribers.

15.4 Action of Parties.  In any action by the Grantor or the Grantee that is mandated or permitted under the terms hereof, such party shall act in a reasonable, expeditious and timely manner.  Furthermore, in any instance where approval or consent is required under the terms hereof, such approval or consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.

15.5 Equal Protection.  If any other provider of cable services or video services (without regard to the technology used to deliver such services) is lawfully authorized by the Grantor or by any other State or federal governmental entity to provide such services using facilities located wholly or partly in the public rights-of-way of the Grantor, the Grantor shall within thirty (30) days of a written request from Grantee, modify this Franchise to insure that the obligations applicable to Grantee are no more burdensome than those imposed on the new competing provider.  If the Grantor fails to make modifications consistent with this requirement, Grantee’s Franchise shall be deemed so modified thirty (30) days after the Grantee’s initial written notice.  As an alternative to the Franchise modification request, the Grantee shall have the right and may choose to have this Franchise with the Grantor be deemed expired thirty (30) days after written notice to the Grantor.  Nothing in this Franchise shall impair the right of the Grantee to terminate this Franchise and, at Grantee’s option, negotiate a renewal or replacement franchise, license, consent, certificate or other authorization with any appropriate government entity.  Nothing in this Section 15.5 shall be deemed a waiver of any remedies available to Grantee under federal, state or municipal law, including but not limited to Section 625 of the Cable Act, 47 U.S.C. § 545.

15.6 Change in Law.  Notwithstanding any other provision in this Franchise, in the event any change to state or federal law occurring during the term of this Franchise eliminates the requirement for any person desiring to provide video service or Cable Service in the Franchise Area to obtain a franchise from the Grantor, then Grantee shall have the right to terminate this Franchise and operate the system under the terms and conditions established in applicable law.  If Grantee chooses to terminate this Franchise pursuant to this provision, this Franchise shall be deemed to have expired by its terms on the effective date of any such change in law, whether or not such law allows existing franchise agreements to continue until the date of expiration provided in any existing franchise.

15.7 Notices.  Unless otherwise provided by federal, State or local law, all notices pursuant to this Franchise shall be in writing and shall be deemed to be sufficiently given upon delivery to a Person at the address set forth below, or by U.S. certified mail, return receipt requested, nationally or internationally recognized courier service such as Federal Express or electronic mail communication to the designated electronic mail address provided below.  As set forth above, notice served upon the Grantor shall be delivered or sent to:

Grantor: City of Buffalo

46 North Main Street

Buffalo, WY  82834

Grantee: Charter Communications

611 E. Carlson Street

Ste. 103

Cheyenne, WY 82009

Attn:  Director of Government Affairs


Copy to: Charter Communications 

Attn: Vice President, Government Affairs

12405 Powerscourt Drive

St. Louis, MO 63131

15.8 Public Notice.  Minimum public notice of any public meeting relating to this Franchise or any such grant of additional franchises, licenses, consents, certificates, authorizations, or exemptions by the Grantor to any other Person(s) to provide Cable Services, video services, or other television services utilizing any system or technology requiring use of the public rights of way shall be by publication at least once in a newspaper of general circulation in the area at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting and a posting at the administrative buildings of the Grantor.

15.8.1Grantor shall provide written notice to Grantee within ten (10) days of Grantor’s receipt from any other Person(s) of an application or request for a franchise(s), license(s), consent(s), certificate(s), authorization(s), or exemption(s) to provide Cable Services, video services, or other television services utilizing any system or technology requiring use of the public rights of way.  Any public hearings to consider such application or request shall have the same notice requirement as outlined in Paragraph 15.7 above.

15.9 Severability.  If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or portion of this Franchise is, for any reason, held invalid or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed a separate, distinct and independent provision and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this Franchise.

15.10 Entire Agreement. This Franchise and any Exhibits hereto constitute the entire agreement between Grantee and the Grantor and they supersede all prior or contemporaneous agreements, representations or understandings (whether written or oral) of the parties regarding the subject matter hereof.  

15.11  Administration of Franchise.  This Franchise is a contract and neither party may take any unilateral action that materially changes the mutual promises and covenants contained herein.  Any changes, modifications or amendments to this Franchise must be made in writing, signed by the Grantor and the Grantee. Any determination by the Grantor regarding the interpretation or enforcement of this Franchise shall be subject to de novo judicial review. 

15.12 Effective Date.  The Franchise granted herein will take effect and be in full force from such date of acceptance by Grantee recorded on the signature page of this Franchise.  If any fee or grant that is passed through to Subscribers is required by this Franchise, such fee or grant shall go into effect sixty (60) days after the Effective Date of this Franchise.

15.13 No Third Party Beneficiaries.  Nothing in this Franchise is intended to confer third-party beneficiary status on any person other than the parties to this Franchise to enforce the terms of this Franchise.

15.14 Choice of Law, Venue.  This Franchise shall be governed by the laws of the State of Wyoming and federal law. The State and Federal District Courts of Wyoming shall have venue and jurisdiction for any action in law or equity which may be instituted to enforce the terms of this Franchise.

15.15Cost of Publication.  Subject to applicable law, Grantee shall pay the reasonable cost of newspaper notices and publication pertaining to this Franchise, as such notice or publication is required by Grantor under applicable law.



Michael Johnson



Julie SIlbernagel

City Clerk

Welcome to the discussion.